Business Sweden, SweHeat & Cooling together with Biomass Energy Industry Promotion Association in China hosted an online workshop focusing on technical solutions for bioenergy • National news include new country data on district heating, the encouragement of local authorities to use renewable energy sources, and an outlook for air quality until 2025 • Local news include a signed cooperation agreement targeting biomass cogeneration projects between Jiuzhou Group and SPIC, and nuclear energy heating in Shandong province • Read below about developments in sustainable heating and cooling in this month's news update from China
Business Sweden, SweHeat & Cooling together with Biomass Energy Industry Promotion Association in China hosted an online workshop focusing on technical solutions for bioenergy on November 25th, 2021.
1,150 people from relevant companies, research institutes and investment companies joined the live stream, and it was very inspiring to hear Swedish experts Gustav Melin, CEO of SVEBIO the Swedish Bioenergy Association and Bernt Andersson from SweHeat & Cooling as well as representatives from IVL, PG Monitoring System, SWEP and Zeta Boiler share their knowledge and solutions showcasing how Sweden has led the way over the past decades transforming from a dependency on fossil fuels to a greener approach.
SweHeat & Cooling will further present Swedish experiences in bioenergy at the 3rd World Biomass Summit organized by Biomass Energy Industry Promotion Association in China. It will be an online event in December 2021. There is clearly a strong interest in this field, and an offline event focusing on Swedish biomass technology is planned for 2022.
In addition, Business Sweden and SweHeat & Cooling are meeting with relevant stakeholders in China such as China District Heating Association, China Electrical Association Combined Heat & Power Committee, Energy Group of European Chamber in China, Business Finland etc. to plan promotion activities ahead, and actively follow up district cooling project in Hainan province.
As of the end of 2020, the national central heating area has reached approximately 12.2 billion square meters, an increase of approximately 780 million square meters from 2019, a growth rate of approximately 6.8%; of which, the urban central heating area has reached 9.9 billion square meters, and the county central heating area has reached 1.8 billion square meters, and a total of about 0.5 billion square meters at towns. The length of national pipelines reached 507,348 kilometers, an increase of 39,363 kilometers compared with 2019, a growth rate of about 8.41%.
Source: Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2020, and Urban and Rural Construction Statistical Yearbook 2020.
17 government agencies in China including National Development and Reform Commission and National Energy Administration jointly issued guidelines to tackle air pollutions during the heating season of 2021-2022, in late October.
According to the guidelines, it encourages all regions to actively use renewable energy as heating source such as biomass energy, solar energy, and geothermal energy. Application of new energy storage, heat storage, heat pumps, and integrated smart energy systems are highly encouraged, and it is crucial to improve energy efficiency.
The guideline is available here in Chinese.
At present, power generation and heating accounts for 40% of China’s carbon dioxide emission. Therefore, it is important to promote energy saving and energy efficiency of coal-fired power plants.
Facility upgrade priority will be given to the pure condensing power generation units that are in service and have been in operation for less than 15 years in cities or industrial parks.
It encourages the implementation of technical transformation to co-generation units, making full use of waste heat of the power plants and further improving the heating capacity.
Reconstruction of heating networks and long-distance transmission are encouraged.
Please click here for more details in Chinese.
The State Council in China issued an Opinion in early November, 2021 to fight for pollution.
By 2025, the ecological environment shall be further improved, and the total emission of major pollutants shall continue to decline. Carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP shall drop by 18% from 2020, and PM2,5 concentration shall drop by 10% in towns and cities. By 2035, green production and green lifestyle shall be widely established.
The Opinion stated that that during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2020-2025), the growth of coal consumption will be strictly controlled, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption shall increase to about 20%, and the coal consumption in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and surrounding areas and the Yangtze River Delta shall drop approx. 10% and 5% respectively. In principle, self-supplied coal-fired plants shall not be built, and self-supplied coal-fired plants in service shall try to use clean energy, and it encourages self-supplied power plants to convert into public power plants.
Please click here for more details in Chinese.
National Development and Reform Commission issued the 14th Five-Year Plan for National Clean Production in late October 2021.
Application of clean energy is widely encouraged, and it requires to increase the proportion of non-fossil energy used in the industrial sector. Promoting clean and low-carbon energy as fuel for industrial furnaces, self-sufficient coal-fired power plants and coal-fired boilers that are used in industry segments such as coal, petroleum coke, heavy oil, residual oil, and blue charcoal.
It promotes centralized energy supply at industrial parks to replace small-scale coal-fired boilers. Purpose is to reduce coal consumption and reduce carbon emission.
For more details in Chinese, please click here
Jiuzhou Group (http://www.jiuzhougroup.com/) announced that the company and SPIC Heilongjiang Lvtuo New Energy Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Lvtuo New Energy”) signed a cooperation agreement on November 18, 2021.
The two parties agreed that after the signing of the cooperation agreement, Lutuo New Energy will fully lead the management of the joint venture company. The two parties will focus on biomass cogeneration and integrated smart energy projects in Heilongjiang, Shandong and other provinces.
For more info, please click here.
On November 15th 2021, a 4.5 million square meter heating project was officially put into operation by Shandong Nuclear Power in Haiyang city, Shandong province. This is project phase II, and the project phase I is a nuclear heating project covering 700,000 square meters in the same city.
By completion of project phase II, Haiyang Nuclear Power Unit 1 has become the world’s largest cogeneration unit, replacing 12 local coal-fired boilers. Each heating season it is expected to save 100,000 tons of raw coal, reduce 180,000 tons of carbon dioxide, 691 tons of soot, and nitrogen oxides of 1,123 tons, 1,188 tons of sulphur dioxide, equivalent to tree plantation of 1,000 hectares, while reducing heat emission to the environment by 1.3 million GJ.
National Energy Administration said that that nuclear heating should be used as a new option for building a clean, efficient, and diversified heating system in the northern region of China.
Please click here for relevant news in Chinese.
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